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Spanish Grammar Lessons


Definite Articles


Formation

There are 4 forms of the definite article in Spanish. The definite article must agree in both gender and number with the noun. The only time this is not the case is with feminine nouns that begin with a stressed "a". (See list below)


singular plural
masculine el los
feminine la las


Any noun that begins with a stressed "a" or "ha" will use the definite article el. However, these nouns will use las in their plural form, just like all other plural feminine nouns. Here are some examples:

water
soul
hunger
el agua, but las aguas
el alma, but las almas
el hambre, but las hambres


Usage

In many ways, the definite article in Spanish mirrors the usage of the English definite article. However, there are certain instances where you will use the definite article in Spanish in places where it is omitted in English, such as the following:

1. When speaking about nouns in a general sense, the definite article is used in Spanish.

2. When talking about either articles of clothing or parts of the body, the definite article is used in Spanish, whereas in English the possessive adjective would be used.

3. There are certain times when the definite article is used when addressing a person whose name is preceded by a title.



Grammar Exercises

Scroll down to the bottom of the page for the answer key.

Definite Articles in Spanish

Fill in the blank with the correct form of the definite article.

1.    Nos gustan ___ canciones.
2.    ___ vitaminas son buenas para la salud.
3.    ___ amor es precioso.
4.    Estoy en ___ cocina.
5.    Veronica y Pablo tienen ___ billetes.
6.    Carmen sabe todos ___ detalles.
7.    Diego compra ___ carro.
8.    Marisol pone toda ___ ropa en ___ maleta.

 

 

 

Answer Key

1.    las
2.    Las
3.    El
4.    la
5.    los
6.    los
7.    el
8.    la, la


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