Navigation:


Spanish Grammar Lessons


Demonstrative Adjectives


Demonstrative adjectives refer to a noun and and answer the question which?. They are the equivalent to "this, that, these, & those" in English. In Spanish they must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.

There are 3 categories of demonstrative adjectives in Spanish that relate to the distance of the noun being spoken about from the speaker.

1. Noun is near the speaker = este & esta
2. Noun is near the person being spoken to = ese & esa
3. Noun is far from both the speaker and the person being spoken to = aquel & aquella


masculine
singular
feminine
singular
  masculine
plural
feminine
plural
este esta   estos estas
ese esa   esos esas
aquel aquella   aquellos aquellas

Examples:

este libro
ese
libro
aquel
libro

this book (by the speaker)
that book (over there)
that book (in a place far from the speaker and the person being spoken to)

>> Back to the Grammar Lessons index page