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Spanish Grammar Lessons


Demonstrative Pronouns


Demonstrative pronouns are used to show the location of the noun(s) they replace. They are the equivalent to "this one", "these", "that one", & "those". In Spanish they must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.

There are 3 categories of demonstrative pronouns in Spanish that relate to the distance of the noun being spoken about from the speaker.


Group 1. Noun is near the speaker
Group 2. Noun is near the person being spoken to
Group 3. Noun is far from both the speaker and the person being spoken to




Group #1 (Noun is near speaker)

masculine
singular
feminine
singular
  masculine
plural
feminine
plural
éste ésta   éstos éstas

éste (libro)
éstos
(libros)
this one (book)
these (books)


Group #2 (Noun is near person being spoken to)

masculine
singular
feminine
singular
  masculine
plural
feminine
plural
ése ésa   ésos ésas

ése (libro)
ésos
(libros)
this one (book)
these (books)


Group #3 (Noun is far from speaker and person being spoken to)

masculine
singular
feminine
singular
  masculine
plural
feminine
plural
aquél aquélla   aquéllos aquéllas

aquél (edificio)
aquéllos
(edificios)
this one (book)
these (books)

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