Navigation:


Spanish Grammar Lessons


Gender of Nouns


In Spanish, all nouns have a gender.  A noun is either masculine or feminine.  This concept can be difficult for native speakers of English, however there are a few tricks to help memorize the genders of Spanish nouns.


Almost all nouns that end in "o" are masculine.  There are very few exceptions to this rule, listed below:

la mano is feminine.
la radio is feminine.
la moto is feminine.
la foto is feminine.


Most nouns that end in "a" are feminine.  However, there are exceptions.  Some common exceptions are listed below.


Here is a chart that lists noun endings and whether they usually signal a masculine or feminine noun. There are some exceptions to the following rules.

masculine
endings
feminine
endings
-o -a
-ma -ie
-ante -ión
-ente -d
-e -sis
-al -z
-or

A variety of nouns are always masculine: days, months, numbers, colors, and languages. Also, nouns that refer to someone of obvious male or female gender will be masculine or feminine depending on the gender of the person being referred to.

Monday
January
two
green

man
woman
el lunes
el enero
el dos
el verde

el hombre
la mujer

>> Back to the Grammar Lessons index page