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Spanish Grammar Lessons


Making Nouns Plural


If a noun ends in an unstressed vowel (or in a stressed "e"), simply add "s" to the end of the word to make it plural.

el cuaderno becomes los cuadernos
la pluma becomes las plumas
la calle becomes las calles


If a noun ends in a consonant (or in a stressed "a", "i", "o", or "u"), simply add "es" to the end of the word to make it plural. However if the ending is "s" or "x" and the last syllable is not stressed, "es" is not added.


la ciudad becomes las ciudades
la canción becomes las canciones [notice how the accent was dropped]
el oasis becomes los oasis



When a noun ends in "z", the "z" changes to "c" when the noun is made plural.


root la raíz -> las raíces

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