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Spanish Verbs


The Present Tense


Formation

There are 3 sets of conjugations for regular verbs in the present tense.

This tense is formed by adding the endings to the stem of the verb.


Here are the endings for regular verbs that end in -ar.

  singular plural
first person o amos
second person as is
third person a an

yo hablo
t hablas
l/ella/usted habla
nosotros hablamos
vosotros hablis
ellos/ellas/ustedes hablan



Here are the endings for regular verbs that end in -er.

  singular plural
first person o emos
second person es is
third person e en

yo bebo
t bebes
l/ella/usted bebe
nosotros bebemos
vosotros bebis
ellos/ellas/ustedes beben

 

Here are the endings for regular verbs that end in -ir.

  singular plural
first person o imos
second person es s
third person e en

 

yo escribo
t escribes
l/ella/usted escribe
nosotros escribimos
vosotros escribs
ellos/ellas/ustedes escriben



Usage

In general, the present tense in Spanish will correspond with these English equivalents:

yo hablo = I speak, I do speak, I am speaking, I am speaking (near future)
yo trabajo = I work, I do work, I am working, I am working (near future)


Keep in mind that the present tense is generally used for describing what is happening now, in the present time, but also has a few other uses.

The present tense can also be used to indicate an event in the near future:

Salgo esta noche.  I am leaving tonight.

As well as habitual actions:

Jennifer canta en el coro. 
Jennifer sings in the chorus.

 

 

Grammar Exercises

Scroll down to the bottom of the page for the answer key.

 

Regular Verbs in the Present Tense

Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb.

1.    Eduardo __________ espaol.  (hablar)
2.    Yo __________ muy bien.  (bailiar)
3.    Mis amigos y yo __________ en el coro.  (cantar)
4.    T __________ la foto.  (mirar)
5.    Mauricio __________ el espaol.  (ensear)
6.    Yo __________ cinco cursos.  (tomar)
7.    Carlos __________ mucho.  (estudiar)
8.    Marisol y Julia __________ en una oficina.  (trabajar)

 

 

 

Answer Key

1.    habla
2.    bailo
3.    cantamos
4.    miras
5.    ensea
6.    tomo
7.    estudia
8.    trabajan