Spanish Verbs

Ser & Estar


Here are the conjugations for "ser" and "estar" in the present tense:

ser:   soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son
estar:   estoy, estás, está, estamos, estáis, están


In English there is only one verb for "to be". However, in Spanish there are several verbs that can translate as "to be". The verbs ser and estar are the two main verbs in Spanish that mean "to be".

Main uses of "estar":
1. Estar is used for location. Use estar if you are stating where someone or something is located.
2. Estar is used to describe emotional conditions or to describe what state someone is in.

Main uses of "ser":
1. Ser is used to indentify someone's origin and essential traits such as race, nationality, etc.
2. Ser is used when telling the time and date.
3. Ser is used to answer identifying questions such as "Who is that?"